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Disease Profile

Erythrokeratodermia variabilis et progressiva

Prevalence estimates on Rare Medical Network websites are calculated based on data available from numerous sources, including US and European government statistics, the NIH, Orphanet, and published epidemiologic studies. Rare disease population data is recognized to be highly variable, and based on a wide variety of source data and methodologies, so the prevalence data on this site should be assumed to be estimated and cannot be considered to be absolutely correct.


US Estimated

Europe Estimated

Age of onset





Autosomal dominant A pathogenic variant in only one gene copy in each cell is sufficient to cause an autosomal dominant disease.


Autosomal recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of each gene of the chromosome are needed to cause an autosomal recessive disease and observe the mutant phenotype.


dominant X-linked dominant inheritance, sometimes referred to as X-linked dominance, is a mode of genetic inheritance by which a dominant gene is carried on the X chromosome.


recessive Pathogenic variants in both copies of a gene on the X chromosome cause an X-linked recessive disorder.


Mitochondrial or multigenic Mitochondrial genetic disorders can be caused by changes (mutations) in either the mitochondrial DNA or nuclear DNA that lead to dysfunction of the mitochondria and inadequate production of energy.


Multigenic or multifactor Inheritance involving many factors, of which at least one is genetic but none is of overwhelming importance, as in the causation of a disease by multiple genetic and environmental factors.


Not applicable


Other names (AKA)

EKVP; Erythrokeratodermia variabilis; EKV;


Skin Diseases


Erythrokeratodermia variabilis et progressiva is a skin condition characterized by well-defined round or oval red scaly patches that may join together to form map-like patterns. Some patches are fixed, occurring most often on the outer surfaces of the arms and legs, while others are migratory lasting for hours to days and then fading or moving to another location. Some skin lesions are accompanied by burning or itching sensations. Common triggers include emotional stress, temperature changes, mechanical friction and hot or cold weather. Skin lesions often occur during the fist year of life, gradually progress during childhood, and then stabilize during puberty.[1] Treatment is aimed at alleviating symptoms and may include topical retinoids or antihistamines.[2]


This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.

Medical Terms Other Names
Learn More:
Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO
Autosomal dominant inheritance
Autosomal recessive inheritance
Epidermal acanthosis
Thickening of upper layer of skin
Generalized hyperkeratosis
Infantile onset
Onset in first year of life
Onset in infancy

[ more ]

Patchy palmoplantar keratoderma

Learn more

These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.

Where to Start

  • DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.
  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Erythrokeratodermia variabilis et progressiva. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.

In-Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Monarch Initiative brings together data about this condition from humans and other species to help physicians and biomedical researchers. Monarch’s tools are designed to make it easier to compare the signs and symptoms (phenotypes) of different diseases and discover common features. This initiative is a collaboration between several academic institutions across the world and is funded by the National Institutes of Health. Visit the website to explore the biology of this condition.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Erythrokeratodermia variabilis et progressiva. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.


  1. Abeyakirthi S. Erythrokeratoderma. DermNet NZ. July 1, 2011; https://dermnetnz.org/scaly/erythrokeratoderma.html. Accessed 5/21/2012.
  2. Richard G. Erythrokeratodermia Variabilis Treatment & Management. Medscape Reference. January 24, 2012; https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1110820-treatment. Accessed 5/21/2012.